Saturday, July 30, 2016

motor fuel

I've been meaning to build this column for a while, but other plans kept bumping it to the back burner.  I knew what I wanted to do but kept getting bogged down on which details to keep while maintaining basic design principles for whichever end product I'll have in mind at that moment.

Pot stills and a reflux stills function differently and require specific design considerations to achieve the best possible end result.  I want the best of both worlds, and this is the sticking point.

A taller column, with it's reflex action, will produce cleaner alcohol with a higher proof and less flavor.  A short column will produce more flavor with a lower proof.  It's a simple trade off... 190 proof alcohol with no flavor or 120 proof with a carry-over of whatever you used to produce the ferment.  For me, the best of both worlds would be an end product of 150 proof with lots of flavor or 190 proof using the same column with a few simple adjustments.
I think I'm almost there.

The column is 2" x 32" copper with a 3/4" reducer.  I chose an open top for the remote thermometer and ease of cleaning.  Packing the column with copper mesh and adding a secondary condenser to the top opening will produce excellent reflux by condensing the alcohol vapor and returning it to the boiler to be re-distilled.  The reflux action cleans and purifies the alcohol vapor with each cycle while the copper removes the sulphides, producing a flavorless, high proof alcohol.

That's all well and good if you're making motor fuel but what if you want some flavor with that?  If distilleries used this method, everything would taste like vodka.  Even moonshine has a corn flavor in the background.  This is where a slight modification comes in.

The lyne arm is the tube that goes from the column to the condenser.  The angle of the lyne arm is just as important as the column as to what comes out the pipe.  Horizontal will produce more proof and less flavor.  Vertical will produce more flavor and less proof.  45 degrees is preferred for the best of both worlds, reflux and pot stills alike.  But due to the length of the column I feel I need to compensate by running the lyne arm straight down to the thumper for a second distill, followed by a liebig condenser.  This will require a copper pipe assembly to join the thumper, if needed.

So, the whole unit past the boiler will consist of the 36" column, copper pipe and reducer assembly, a short stack thumper, and ending with a vertical liebig condenser.  The whole thing could be assembled and re-assembled with quick disconnects, making cleaning and storing as simple as possible.

This design is perfect for future modifications like extended lyne arms, multiple condensers, column gin basket, detachable parrot, carbon filter, etc. 

The best whisky stills on the market use this design, sans thumper, that produce superior spirits... with a price tag that starts in the thousands.  I'm not saying my design is better or even equal to some of the high tech units out there.  Just sayin it's way cheaper and more adaptable.

Then again, this is all theory.        

Thursday, July 14, 2016

dick lamm from 2014

Can you believe this guy was a Democratic Governor of Colorado.  He was never very impressive until now.  His comments are right on the mark.
We know Dick Lamm as Governor of Colorado. In that context his thoughts are particularly poignant. Last week there was an immigration overpopulation conference in Washington, DC, filled to capacity by many of America's finest minds and leaders. A brilliant college professor by the name of Victor Hansen Davis talked about his latest book, 'Mexifornia,' explaining how immigration - both legal and illegal was destroying the entire state of California. He said it would march across the country until it destroyed all vestiges of The American Dream.
Moments later, former Colorado Governor Richard D. Lamm stood up and gave a stunning speech on how to destroy America.
The audience sat spellbound as he described eight methods for the destruction of the United States. He said, 'If you believe that America is too smug, too self-satisfied, too rich, then let's destroy America. It is not that hard to do. No nation in history has survived the ravages of time. Arnold Toynbee observed that all great civilizations rise and fall and that 'an autopsy of history would show that all great nations commit suicide.''
'Here is how they do it,' Lamm said:

'First, to destroy America, turn America into a bilingual or multi-lingual and bicultural country...  History shows that no nation can survive the tension, conflict, and antagonism of two or more competing languages and cultures. It is a blessing for an individual to be bilingual; however, it is a curse for a society to be bilingual. The historical scholar, Seymour Lipset, put it this way: 'The histories of bilingual and bicultural societies that do not assimilate are histories of turmoil, tension, and tragedy.' Canada, Belgium, Malaysia, and Lebanon all face crises of national existence in which minorities press for autonomy, if not independence. Pakistan and Cyprus have divided. Nigeria suppressed an ethnic rebellion. France faces difficulties with Basques, Bretons, Corsicans and Muslims.'
Lamm went on:
'Second, to destroy America, invent 'multiculturalism' and encourage immigrants to maintain their culture. Make it an article of belief that all cultures are equal; that there are no cultural differences. Make it an article of faith that the Black and Hispanic dropout rates are due solely to prejudice and discrimination by the majority. Every other explanation is out of bounds.
'Third, we could make the United States a 'Hispanic Quebec ' without much effort. The key is to celebrate diversity rather than unity. As Benjamin Schwarz said in the Atlantic Monthly recently: 'The apparent success of our own multi-ethnic and multicultural experiment might have been achieved not by tolerance but by hegemony. Without the dominance that once dictated ethnocentric and what it meant to be an American, we are left with only tolerance and pluralism to hold us together.' Lamm said, 'I would encourage all immigrants to keep their own language and culture. I would replace the melting pot metaphor with the salad bowl metaphor. It is important to ensure that we have various cultural subgroups living in America enforcing their differences rather than as Americans, emphasizing their similarities.'
'Fourth, I would make our fastest growing demographic group the least educated. I would add a second underclass, unassimilated, undereducated, and antagonistic to our population. I would have this second underclass have a 50% dropout rate from high school.'
'My fifth point for destroying America would be to get big foundations and business to give these efforts lots of money. I would invest in ethnic identity, and I would establish the cult of 'Victimology...' I would get all minorities to think that their lack of success was the fault of the majority. I would start a grievance industry blaming all minority failure on the majority.'
'My sixth plan for America's downfall would include dual citizenship, and promote divided loyalties. I would celebrate diversity over unity. I would stress differences rather than similarities. Diverse people worldwide are mostly engaged in hating each other - that is, when they are not killing each other. A diverse, peaceful, or stable society is against most historical precept. People undervalue the unity it takes to keep a nation together. Look at the ancient Greeks. The Greeks believed that they belonged to the same race; they possessed a common language and literature; and they worshipped the same gods. All Greece took part in the Olympic games. A common enemy, Persia, threatened their liberty. Yet all these bonds were not strong enough to overcome two factors: local patriotism and geographical conditions that nurtured political divisions. Greece fell. 'E. Pluribus Unum' -- From many, one. In that historical reality, if we put the emphasis on the 'pluribus' instead of the 'Unum,' we will 'Balkanize' America as surely as Kosovo.' 
'Next to last, I would place all subjects off limits. Make it taboo to talk about anything against the cult of 'diversity.' I would find a word similar to 'heretic' in the 16th century - that stopped discussion and paralyzed thinking. Words like 'racist' or 'xenophobe' halt discussion and debate. Having made America a bilingual/bicultural country, having established multi-cultism, having the large foundations fund the doctrine of 'Victimology,' I would next make it impossible to enforce our immigration laws. I would develop a mantra: That because immigration has been good for America, it must always be good. I would make every individual immigrant symmetric and ignore the cumulative impact of millions of them.'
In the last minute of his speech, Governor Lamm wiped his brow. Profound silence followed. Finally he said, 'Lastly, I would censor Victor Hanson Davis's book 'Mexifornia.' His book is dangerous. It exposes the plan to destroy America. If you feel America deserves to be destroyed, don't read that book.'
There was no applause. A chilling fear quietly rose like an ominous cloud above every attendee at the conference. Every American in that room knew that everything Lamm enumerated was proceeding methodically, quietly, darkly, yet pervasively across the United States today. Discussion is being suppressed. Over 100 languages are ripping the foundation of our educational system and national cohesiveness. Even barbaric cultures that practice female genital mutilation are growing as we celebrate 'diversity.' American jobs are vanishing into the Third World as corporations create a Third World in America Take note of California and other states. To date, ten million illegal aliens and growing fast. It is reminiscent of George Orwell's book '1984. 'In that story, three slogans are engraved in the Ministry of Truth building: 'War is peace,' 'Freedom is slavery,' and 'Ignorance is strength.' 

Governor Lamm walked back to his seat. It dawned on everyone at the conference that our nation and the future of this great democracy is deeply in trouble and worsening fast. If we don't get this immigration monster stopped within three years, it will rage like a California wildfire and destroy everything in its path, especially The American Dream.

Thursday, July 07, 2016